As a child grows and develops they usually acquire new skills, or developmental milestones, at a similar age to their peers. These developmental milestones are often divided into areas and a child has Global Developmental Delay when they are not reaching their milestones in two of more areas of development. The areas include:
- Motor development to include gross motor skills such as sitting up or walking and fine motor skills such as doing up a button.
- Cognition which involves organising objects, understanding new ideas and remembering things.
- Social and emotional development, for example learning to smile, responding to others and taking turns when playing games.
- Communication development, learning to speak and understanding what is being said.
By the time a child has reached their first birthday, they should be able to crawl; drink from a cup with two hands; notice strangers and look up when someone calls their name; and enjoy watching or playing games such as peek-a-boo.
Children with Global Developmental Delay will have a huge range of symptoms and abilities depending on the cause of the delay and the area in which they are struggling.
There are many causes of Global Developmental Delay. When a child is falling behind in just one developmental area, such as communication, it may be because they have hearing loss. When a child experiences difficulty in many or all of these areas, it may be a result of a genetic abnormality or brain damage.
Our friendly, supportive team has led the field in birth injury medical negligence claims for over 30 years, so please call 0800 923 2079 if you believe medical negligence may have contributed to your, or your child’s condition.