Posted by Richard Woodman, Partner
On 1 September 2016 Withy King LLP merged with Royds LLP. The trading name for the merged firm is Royds Withy King. All content produced prior to this date will remain in the name of the firms pre-merger.
Incorporating terms of a staff handbook into a contract
In Department of Transport v Sparks the Court of Appeal has held that an absence management policy in the staff handbook can be appropriate for incorporation into contracts. In doing so it dismissed the Department’s appeal against a finding that the absence management policy had contractual effect.
A dispute arose as to whether certain parts of the Department staff handbook were incorporated into employee’s contracts. All 7 Claimants had obtained a declaration in the High Court that certain clauses had contractual effect. The appeal focussed on a short term absence management policy. If it was found to be contractual, it would considerably restrict the manager’s scope for taking disciplinary action until specific trigger points had been exceeded, namely 21 days for short term absence in any 12 month period.
In reviewing the test for incorporation of the handbook polices into the employment contract, the Court considered that the introductory wording of the handbook flagged up a “distinct flavour of contractual incorporation”. The fact that it might be generally desirable for matters such as absence management to be dealt with through a non-contractual policy, would not necessarily prevent a particular provision from being susceptible to incorporation if the wording indicated. This was in contrast to a policy which was stated as forming “a framework within which to approach such matters”, which would not be contractually binding.
In passing the Court observed that the fact the handbook was in electronic form only, and the previous versions had been irretrievably deleted without retaining copies, was unsatisfactory.
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